Varicose veins in the legs are often inherited. And both women and men are subject to it. True, the fair sex among patients suffering from varicose veins, about 70%, and are women of childbearing age,
Nature has organized it so that hormones not only make women attractive and provide emotional well-being, but also increase the risk of developing ailments.
The reasons for the development of varicose veins in women
It happens in the following way: estrogen softens the venous wall and progesterone reduces venous tone. This hormone effect is particularly strong during endocrine shocks - during puberty, pregnancy and after fifty years with the restructuring of the body during menopause.
If it is known that female relatives suffered from varicose veins, then with a probability of about seventy-five percent, we can predict the occurrence of such problems in their heiresses.
A particularly complex complex of changes in the body occurs during pregnancy. In addition to the hormonal load, which weakens the natural tone of the vascular wall, a purely physiological load also increases during these nine months.
After all, the uterus grows more and more, its bottom is compressed by large veins, making it difficult for blood to flow into the small pelvis and legs. As a result, the blood in the lower limbs stagnates and causes swelling of the legs, which are the cause of varicose veins.
This situation is dangerous because it can be accompanied by a pathology of the umbilical cord, premature discharge of amniotic fluid and severe bleeding after childbirth.
Therefore, it is easier to prevent the appearance of venous disorders, since the development and nutrition of the fetus directly depends on the state of the blood vessels of the expectant mother.
For a smooth course of pregnancy and childbirth, it is important to monitor in advance the initial stages of the disease, which often provoke complications.
Symptoms of varicose veins
Heaviness in the legs, nocturnal cramps in the lower limbs, fatigue and swelling, varicose veins, dilated veins below the knee, on the ankle or lower leg signal the initial stage of development and the appearance of varicose veins.
And this is not only a cosmetic defect, but also a harbinger of a blood clot in the superficial or deep venous system, the extreme stage of which is an ulcer that has not healed for a long time. It is necessary to take into account the increased coagulability of the blood preceding the formation of thrombus after prolonged use of contraceptive drugs.
Diagnosis of varicose veins
This method of contraception is often used until the couple decides to have a baby. This means that a laboratory blood test is required for its coagulability - a coagulogram.
At the first signs of varicose veins, you should immediately consult a phlebologist and undergo an ultrasound of the veins. The accuracy of ultrasound vein scanning is recognized as the "gold standard" in varicose vein diagnosis.
For prophylactic purposes, this examination is carried out once a year. The study allows to detect the transformation of intrapelvic veins and venous plexuses, as well as the inversion of blood flow in the affected vessels.
Another important tip is to check if you have flat feet. Even a slight flattening of the foot by itself over time can lead to the formation of varicose veins.
Treatment of varicose veins
There is no single method for treating varicose veins. The doctor uses an integrated approach individually for each patient.
This can be sclerotherapy, laser coagulation, thermocoagulation, which is performed only by a surgeon or vascular surgeon who regularly practices this method. The choice of treatment method depends on the severity of the disease.
If you decide to become a mother, but have problems with the vessels of the legs, you should first start strengthening the vessels, and it is best to do this six months before pregnancy to avoid deterioration of the condition.
Pregnancy itself does not cause varicose veins, but it often turns out to be a trigger for its appearance. If no measures were taken before pregnancy, and this often happens, then at least the simplest precautions should be taken to prevent complications after childbirth.
From the second trimester of pregnancy, you should wear compression tights, selected according to individual measurements by a phlebologist, and give birth in special stockings.
And you will have to keep using compression stockings until the baby learns to crawl and "drops" from the caring hands of the mother.
Also for pregnant women there is a special set of physical exercises that relieve stress on the walls of blood vessels. The simplest are rolling from heel to toe, standing or sitting, walking in place. Let them be 3-5 minute exercises, but preferably 4-5 times a day.
It is best to stop taking medication during pregnancy to avoid exposure to the fetus. However, if necessary, phlebotropic drugs based on diosmin can be taken in the II and III trimester of pregnancy, but only as prescribed by a doctor.
We can offer you a program that will help you avoid problems with varicose veins.
Basic rules for the prevention of venous damage
Our veins love dynamic loads, but they approach exercise wisely, choosing more relaxed workouts - yoga, pilates, water aerobics.
Walking and swimming, skiing and cycling along with good gymnastics are the most physiological form of physical activity for a person.
To minimize stress on your veins, try to avoid standing and sitting in the same position for a long time. It is very important to get rid of excess weight.
To improve blood circulation before going to bed, take cold (18 ° C) showers on your legs, lying down lightly with your feet raised above heart level.
Wear low-heeled shoes no more than 4 cm, and for dress shoes no more than 6 cm.
To strengthen the vascular walls, increase the intake of foods containing vitamin C (wild rose, citrus) and fiber (oats and wheat bran, pumpkin, apples).
Experience shows that the implementation of these simple rules together with medical supervision helps to resist the overflow of the vascular bed and prevent the development of varicose veins.
Folk remedies for the treatment of varicose veins
Flaxseed decoction will help remove swelling: 4 teaspoons of seeds pour 1 liter of water, boil for 10-15 minutes, cover the pan with a lid and put in a warm place for 1 hour. You can add lemon juice to improve the taste of the broth. Drink half a glass (100 ml) twice a day.
I must say that medicinal plants have been widely used since ancient times in the treatment of varicose veins.
First of all we will talk about plants that increase the tone of the veins. And in the first place here are the fruits, leaves and flowers of the horse chestnut, as well as the high elecampane.
Horse chestnut tincture
Horse chestnut alcohol tincture can be purchased at the pharmacy in a ready-made form.
Apply 15 drops with water 2 times a day. The course of treatment is 1. 5-2 months.
Decoction of Elecampane root
Elecampane root can also be purchased at the pharmacy and cook for 10 minutes at the rate of 1 tbsp. spoon for 2 cups of boiling water. Insist, filter and take 1/3 cup 3 times a day before meals. The course of treatment is 1. 5-2 months.
Taking elecampane drugs can increase blood pressure, so hypertensive patients should take it with caution.
A decoction of elecampane roots and rhizomes has antimicrobial properties.
Pour 2 teaspoons of chopped dry raw material with 1 glass of water, cook for 20 minutes over low heat, leave for 30 minutes, drain. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day 15-20 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 1. 5-2 months.
Elecampane is contraindicated in pregnant women and acute kidney disease.
Furthermore, we can recommend plants for cleaning the vascular wall:
Collection of medicinal herbs for varicose veins
- Horsetail (grass), falling birch (leaf), flax (seed) - all in 3 parts; thyme (creeping thyme) - 2 parts; red clover (inflorescences) - 1 part.
2 st. pour 0, 5 liters of boiling water on the spoons of the collection, insist, wrap, 1-1, 5 hours, strain. This is a 2 day dose.
Drink 1 glass of infusion 3-4 times a day before meals for 15-20 minutes. The course of treatment is 1. 5-2 months.
Varicose veins are a breeding ground for the development of thrombophlebitis, a disease in which a vein is blocked by a blood clot and inflammation of the vascular wall develops. In addition to varicose veins, previous infections and increased blood clotting play a significant role in the occurrence of thrombophlebitis.
To compile a collection of medicinal plants for thrombophlebitis, it is imperative to take into account the components of the anti-inflammatory and bactericidal action, as well as those that increase immunity. However, the main role is played by plants that have a hemolytic effect (dissolving of blood clots).
These miracle plants include:
- yellow sweet clover grass; flowers, leaves, fruits and bark of horse chestnut, which thin the blood, prevent the formation of thrombus;
- a birch leaf has bactericidal, antisclerotic, anti-inflammatory properties;
- St. John's wort (herb) - anti-inflammatory, bactericidal;
- elecampane (grass, roots and rhizomes) increases the tone of the veins;
- field horsetail (grass) - increases immunity, anti-inflammatory;
- chamomile (flowers) - anti-inflammatory, bactericidal;
- medicinal letter (herb) - anti-sclerotic, anti-inflammatory;
- raspberry (leaf) - hemolytic, anti-inflammatory, bactericidal;
- woodlice (herb) - very effective anti-inflammatory;
- thyme (herb) - anti-inflammatory, purifying;
- ordinary hops (cones) - anti-sclerotic, anti-inflammatory;
- medicinal caterpillar;
- comfrey officinalis - anti-inflammatory, healing.
Collection no. 1
Sweet yellow clover, woodlice, St. John's wort and elecampane (at normal pressure) - all in 3 parts; birch, field horsetail, raspberry (leaf) all in 2 parts.
3 st. pour collection spoons with 3 cups of boiling water, insist, wrap, 2 hours, drain. This is the norm for 3 days. Drink 1 glass of infusion a day 3-4 doses before meals for 15-20 minutes. The course of treatment is 1. 5 months.
Collection no. 2
Sweet yellow clover, wood slice, field horsetail - 3 parts each; medicinal letter, thyme, ordinary hops (cones) - 2 parts each; chamomile (flowers) - 1 part. Prepare and take like the previous collection.
Diseased veins can also be treated with salcerella.
Therefore, with the right approach, varicose veins in the legs can be treated not only with traditional drugs, but also with folk remedies. Be healthy!