Men rarely suffer from varicose veins in the legs, but the number of women exposed to this scourge increases every year.
Many sincerely believe that the problem of varicose veins is purely cosmetic in nature and buy creams and gels at the pharmacy, the manufacturers of which promise a perfect disguise of the veins protruding from under the skin. But professional phlebologists call varicose veins a blow to the legs with an eye to the heart.
For diseases such as varicose veins, most of the representatives of a particular risk group are quite irresponsible, while it all comes down to the early stages. Although the bluish spider veins are clearly visible on the skin and severe swelling of the legs is felt, this is not perceived as an alarming sign, everything is attributed to an accidental discomfort.
Meanwhile, the essence of varicose veins lies in the fact that the walls of the vessels located directly under the skin lose their elasticity. The same words "varicose veins", "varicose" come from the Latin varix, which means "knot". Indeed, after a while, nodular formations appear on the surface of the stretched veins.
And then the matter takes a very serious turn. Blood clots can accumulate in these nodes: if they rupture and reach the pulmonary artery, a lethal outcome is possible. There is also another option - the fragility of the vessels and their deformation lead to the development of trophic ulcers, since due to the deterioration of skin nutrition, inflammation of the subcutaneous layers can begin.
Varicose veins: risk groups
Like any other disease, varicose veins on the legs are much easier to prevent than to cure. But to prevent, it is necessary to know the reasons for the phenomenon. Phlebologists have no consensus on this score. Some argue that the roots of the phenomenon are associated with congenital weakness of the venous walls. Others associate varicose veins with immunological or neuroendocrine disorders.
There are also theories that examine mechanical obstructions to blood flow and weakness of the venous valve. Still, most researchers are inclined to believe that hereditary factors underlie varicose veins. If a mother or grandmother suffers from it, most likely the daughter (granddaughter) will also have a predisposition. But whether it manifests itself or not, and what stage it will reach, depends only on whether you pay due attention to its prevention.
Most often, people suffering from varicose veins, by virtue of their profession, are forced to lead a sedentary lifestyle. To this must be added those who spend eight to ten hours of the working day standing, unable to sit down. In women, varicose veins can be triggered by pregnancy, hormonal changes in the body, or the habit of wearing uncomfortable shoes with high heels.
How to identify varicose veins at an early stage?
The first sign of varicose veins is the appearance on the skin of the so-called spider veins of a reddish or bluish tint. Primary varicose veins can resemble a web in appearance. Most often, they both manifest on the legs, but varicose veins can also be localized in the ankle or thigh area. At the end of the day, a feeling of heaviness and discomfort in the legs usually appears, and a symptom such as cramps is not excluded.
Any of these signs are a good reason to contact a phlebologist and it is desirable to do so as soon as possible. Modern medicine has fairly gentle ways to clear out damaged veins, and you won't have to go under the surgeon's scalpel.