WHAT IS VARICOSIS OF THE LEGS AND WHY IT APPEARS

because varicose veins appear on the legs

Varicose veins of the legs (vbnk) are classified as a disease that not only causes a lot of discomfort to the patient, but can also spoil the aesthetic appearance of the lower limbs. But that is not all.

Varicose vein disease is very dangerous, and untimely or incorrect treatment leads to the appearance of pathologies that lead to lesions of the circulatory system. In most cases, the disease affects people between the ages of 30 and 40, but these are just statistics, everyone has a risk of developing the disease.

Description of the disease

Varicose veins are swelling of the peripheral veins under the skin. In most cases, this occurs on the surface of the muscles, the veins become very bulging and turn blue. At the same time, nodules are formed on the legs and a violation of the valvular apparatus occurs.

The functioning of the blood flow is impaired. The moment the valve flaps close, the toughest times can begin. The blood cannot move as it should. The pressure rises in the veins due to blood congestion.

After the pressure in the vessels increases, blood is excreted, excess blood stretches the venous walls, their stretching can begin gradually. The edges of the vessels are in contact with the skin, so they become visible.

This is the reason for the formation of a kind of "web" or network of blood vessels. If the vessel is visible through the skin, this indicates that it is weak. The thicker the veins, the more elongated they are, the bluer they will be. Pronounced nodules begin to appear.

This disease has been diagnosed since ancient times. Archaeologists have found documents in which there were the first mentions of varicose veins. These were medical laws written in ancient Byzantium.

Sorcerers used special elastic bandages that helped eliminate the symptoms of the disease. Many scientists have tried to find a way to treat and eliminate the problem, among them were Hippocrates, Avicenna and many other people whose names we know.

The disease is very common. According to statistics, it affects one in four people on our planet. Why do varicose veins appear? The main reasons for the appearance in the poor development of connective tissues.

the main manifestations of varicose veins in the legs

In order for varicose veins of the lower limbs to begin to spread, you need to have a special environment.

This is the answer to the question of why varicose veins of the lower extremities mainly affect women: the most active hormonal changes occur in the female body.

Take care of your veins. When the disease turns into a serious neglected condition, it is already difficult to cure it. A timely visit to a phlebologist increases the likelihood that internal varicose veins on the legs will be healed without surgery. Many are interested in whether varicose veins go away. The answer is no. Treatment is essential.

The disease is very insidious, half of the patients do not even imply that they have the first stage of varicose veins. Therefore, you should carefully read the symptoms of the disease and know what to look for in order to avoid complications.

The causes of varicose veins

As we said above, varicose veins of the lower limbs are very common. But there are people who are bypassed by this disease. Why is this happening? Maybe they followed some preventative measures or did they not have a predisposition to the disease? Let's try to figure it out.

Indeed, to initiate the violation of the structure of the venous wall and its structure, not so much is needed.

Some individual characteristics of the human body obtained at birth or acquired in the course of life can easily cause varicose veins.

The following categories of people are at risk:

  1. Those with a genetic predisposition. But it is worth clarifying that it is impossible to transmit the disease from father to son, but it is possible to transfer such a structure of the vascular system, which involves the expansion of the veins, leading to the onset of vascular disease.
  2. Women, as this is directly related to their natural destiny.
  3. People whose professional activity is mainly carried out on their feet.
  4. Pregnant women suffer from varicose veins due to the heavy load on the legs.
  5. Obese people suffer from the disease for the same reasons, for which diet is very often prescribed as a therapy.
  6. People with hormonal disorders.
  7. All those who do not follow the rules of healthy eating, as food can also affect the condition of the blood vessel walls.
  8. People with metabolic problems.
  9. Smoking.

Symptoms of the disease

To notice the initial stage of the disease in time, you should remember the main signs of varicose veins and take the necessary measures to eliminate them. Symptoms of the disease are as follows:

  1. Pain in the legs appears, especially after walking.
  2. Burning sensation in the veins.
  3. Severity of the legs.
  4. The appearance of edema, especially in the evening.
  5. The veins are expanding significantly.
  6. Pigmentation. The shins become darker.
  7. The seals can be heard.
  8. Trophic ulcers appear.

In addition, there is a list of minor symptoms, among which the following are distinguished:

  1. In some people, the disease is felt only in the popliteal fossa or in the back of the legs. People with thick skin or abundant vegetation on their legs may have fewer symptoms.
  2. Diseased veins are easy to palpate.
  3. If you place the patient on a flat surface and lift the legs, the venous web will disappear. If the patient gets up, the net will appear.
  4. Sometimes cramps occur.

All symptoms occur mainly in the evening. If the disease is not treated in time, the symptoms will become more severe.

Trophic lesions will spread over the entire surface of the legs. The skin becomes dry, turns blue, edema appears. The progression of the disease is accompanied by the following complications:

  1. Pigmentation.
  2. Robust seals.
  3. Ulcers.
  4. Skin nutrition problems.

If the disease is accompanied by extraneous symptoms in the form of fever or general weakness, it means that the disease has passed to the acute stage. In rare cases, bleeding occurs due to the rupture of the nodules.

Stages of the disease

The international medical community has developed a classification of varicose veins. This classification includes six degrees of severity of the development of the disease. If you do not check the condition of your veins, do not take care of them, do not carry out prophylaxis and expose your legs to unpleasant factors, then you can go through all the stages quite quickly and end up in a hospital bed.

Let's consider each stage of the disease separately:

  • Grade 0.It is also called the early stage of the disease. Degree zero is one of the most mysterious phases: the patient complains of the typical premises of varicose veins, but neither the medical examination, nor the medical examinations and examinations reveal the presence of plaques and problems in the venous walls. Initial varicose veins require special attention.
  • Grade 1. In this phase, vascular or reticulum plaques appear, the symptoms remain the same.
  • Grade 2.If the previous two stages are considered ambiguous and doctors continue to argue whether they should be attributed to varicose veins, then this stage suggests that you definitely have varicose veins. By this time, you yourself will notice that the veins in the legs have become enlarged and bluish plaques have appeared on them. Additionally, the veins become more distinct after a walk in high heels or a long stay in an office chair. At this stage, the varicose veins in the legs must already be treated. What do varicose veins look like? It is quite easy to recognize it, the veins fold into a web or spider web, and their color turns blue.
  • Grade 3.Symptoms remain the same, with the addition of daily swelling, which becomes unbearable in the evening. They can disappear in the morning.
  • Grade 4.Trophic changes occur: Problems with skin pigmentation begin, which can even turn black. The skin becomes inflamed, a small redness appears on them, which over time can grow and become weeping. All these symptoms are prerequisites for the formation of trophic ulcers.
  • Grade 5.Includes the totality of all the above symptoms, plus a trophic ulcer.
  • Grade 6.The ulcer becomes active, active and does not heal. Immediate surgery is needed as the ulcer is life-threatening.

How diagnostics works

When a disease is just starting to develop, it manifests itself very subtly without anyone knowing about itself. People think lower limb discomfort is a consequence of fatigue after a long day of work or attributed to their age.

Referral to a specialist often occurs when the disease begins to manifest itself in an obvious way, usually in the third stage and beyond.

If a patient can see palpable blue veins with swelling, the diagnosis will not be difficult. However, doctors are not limited to visual examination and use additional research methods:

  • Ultrasonic flowmetry. The examination allows you to determine the speed with which blood moves through the veins and their filling.
  • Perthes Samples - are prescribed in the early stages of the development of varicose veins. This technique is performed by careful examination with a change in the patient's position. Careful palpation is performed.
  • Phlebomanometry: determines the intravenous pressure.
  • Venous screening is a procedure that determines the condition and elasticity of the venous walls.

There are many methods. The doctor will not prescribe all research options. In most cases, the definition of the disease occurs after one or two events. The diagnosis is made, its degree is determined and treatment begins.

Methods of treatment

Modern medicine has made great strides in the treatment of varicose veins. In fact, all activities are carried out on an outpatient basis. Hospitalization is required in exceptional or neglected cases.

stages of development of varicose veins in the legs

There are several ways to treat varicose veins:

  • sclerotherapy;
  • laser coagulation;
  • radiofrequency ablation;
  • surgery.

Let's take a closer look at some of them.

Sclerotherapy

This method removes painful veins without surgery. To do this, a special liquid agent is injected into the venous vessel, which has an adhesive effect. Over time, the fluid is excreted from the body. Gradually, the blood begins not to enter this area, it is evenly distributed over the healthy parts.

This technique has been around for a long time. Currently, doctors have achieved maximum safety from this procedure. The duration of treatment depends on the degree of development of the disease.

After the fluid has been injected, an elastic bandage is wrapped around the patient's leg. The procedure improves blood circulation processes, relieves swelling. Scleotherapy well eliminates pain in the legs with varicose veins.

The effectiveness of the treatment is 75%. The category of people who make up the remaining 25% includes people with advanced diseases.

Laser treatment

Coagulation - laser treatment of varicose veins, which obstructs the lumen of the veins. The technique is considered the most recent and was invented by German specialists.

A certain "sticking" of the veins occurs with the help of a laser. The laser is inserted under the skin through a small puncture. No incisions are made. Vienna ceases to participate in blood circulation, gradually turning into a connective epithelium.

Radio frequency therapy

This technique has been developed quite recently. The purpose of this therapy is the most effective and perfect disposal of varicose plaques.

The essence of the procedure is as follows:

  • A radiofrequency catheter is inserted into a small puncture.
  • Blocks a vein with radio waves.
  • The catheter has sensors that diagnose the state of the temperature effect on the vein walls.

Radical therapy techniques

If a patient has an abundant presence of ulcer of a trophic type, eczema and other violations of the integrity of the skin, surgical intervention is indispensable.

Most medical centers are equipped with vascular microsurgery equipment. Such equipment allows you to remove diseased veins without injury. After such a procedure, there are no traces of scars and scars. The procedure does not require a long hospital stay; in many cases, the patient returns home within an hour of the procedure.

Don't be afraid to remove the veins. Doctors are convinced that unhealthy veins are very harmful to health and that all parasites must be promptly eliminated.

Useful hints

If, after a long day of work or after walking, you experience discomfort in the lower limbs, heaviness and other symptoms. When you go to bed or rest, put your feet on a pillow or other support.

If your work involves a long sitting position or you are constantly standing, try changing the position of your legs regularly. If you work standing up, go from foot to foot, stomp in one place. If you are sitting in an office chair, rotate your feet.

After the bath, rinse your feet with ice water.

Play sports, help fight varicose veins:

  • swimming;
  • to walk;
  • ski;
  • by bicycle.

Varicose veins are considered a serious and serious disease. Symptoms of the disease are observed in every second inhabitant of the planet, varicose veins themselves affect every fifth person. If you do not start timely and immediate treatment of the disease, you can become disabled, as it will be practically impossible to walk.

It is important to follow all the doctor's prescriptions flawlessly and to perform all preventive exercises. Only complex surgical treatment will help you cope with the disease and prevent its occurrence in the future. Now you know what varicose veins are and what to do with varicose veins. Take care of you!