Symptoms of pelvic varicose veins: how to recognize them in time?

Varicose veins are considered a common disease of the circulatory system. It is not only the lower limbs that are attacked. Deformation of the venous walls can occur in organs located in the pelvic floor. Pathology occurs most often in women of childbearing age. In the initial stage, the symptoms of pelvic varicose veins are not always pronounced, which makes it difficult to diagnose the problem in a timely manner. Chronic pathology requires long-term treatment and constant medical supervision.

varicose veins of the small pelvis

The reasons for the development of varicose veins of the small pelvis

Varicose veins affecting the pelvic organs are chronic diseases characteristic of the female half of the population. The disease has a primary and secondary form associated with valvular insufficiency of the veins and disorders in the field of gynecology, respectively.

The veins are equipped with unique valves that allow the blood to move in the right direction - upward, and prevent attempts to descend. The mechanism becomes unusable with the development of varicose veins. Constant, excessive blood pressure affects the shape of blood vessels and veins and reduces their elasticity. In the small pelvis, the development of the disease is facilitated by the "rupture" of the valve in the ovarian vein (first degree varicose veins).

Experts say that pregnancy is most often the trigger for the development of the disease. In addition, predisposing factors can be considered:

  • Excessive physical activity.
  • Forced sitting or standing for a long time.
  • Irregular shape of the uterus (fold).
  • Pathology of the appendages.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Hereditary problems of connective tissue.
  • Multiple pregnancies.
  • Taking hormonal contraceptives.
  • Improper protection against unwanted pregnancy (interrupted relationships).

The presence of varicose veins of the lower extremities also refers to the reasons for the development of the pathological condition of the veins of the organs located in the small pelvis. A woman must undergo an additional examination to rule out and prevent damage to the vessels of the small pelvis.

Diseases of a gynecological and urological nature can give complications in the form of changes in the shape of the walls of blood vessels and veins.

The disease is a serious danger and cannot be left without proper treatment. Timely medical intervention is a guarantee to successfully eliminate the pathological condition and the absence of serious complications.

Any woman of childbearing age can develop vascular disease.

Clinical manifestations and diagnosis

Varicose veins of the small pelvis refer to pathologies that in the initial stage are almost impossible to diagnose, because there are no characteristic signs. The disease is still poorly understood and rare. This makes it difficult to establish the general picture and features, thanks to which it will be possible to stop the pathological process at an early stage.

The first thing you need to pay attention to is pain, which is localized in the lower abdomen, is given to the groin, sacrum and lower back. The menstrual cycle becomes irregular, with severe pain.

The difference can be noticed only by those girls whose onset of menstruation is not accompanied by pain and discomfort. Heavy or, conversely, scant bleeding should also alert.

If the disease develops in full swing, more pronounced symptoms occur. First of all, spider veins appear on the skin of the buttocks, external genitals and inner thighs, and the veins begin to protrude.

Pain syndrome develops during closeness, with physical exertion, after a hard day. Along with pain, patients often complain of hypersensitivity.

For a long time, experts were unable to timely determine the presence of varicose veins, mistaking the ailment for other pathologies similar in symptomatology. Misdiagnosis led to incorrect treatment and prolongation of the underlying disease. Currently, doctors prescribe a comprehensive examination in order to avoid errors and timely detect the slightest deviation.

Ultrasound is used as the main diagnostic method to identify the cause of pain of an unclear nature.

During the examination, the specialist can assess the condition of the bladder, ovaries, uterus. The characteristics of blood circulation in this area are examined by Doppler ultrasound. The most accurate image is obtained with selective ovarian imaging. The technique involves the introduction of a contrast agent through the veins located on the thighs and below the collarbone.

Regular pain, radiating to the groin and lower back, is the first sign of pelvic varicose veins.

Is the disease compatible with pregnancy?

The greatest danger is the disease for women in position. The first signs in the form of small varicose veins on the legs are observed by most pregnant women, and about a third of them still encounter pelvic varicose veins.

The growing uterus and the pressure on the veins impair blood flow, which only accelerates the development of the disease. The first alarming signs in the form of edema, cramps in the calf muscles, pulling pain in the lower abdomen. Varicose veins pose a threat to the normal bearing of the baby and therefore it is necessary to respond to symptoms immediately.

Only a doctor can confirm the diagnosis by performing an ultrasound examination (most often intravaginal). The affected vessels and veins adversely affect the functionality of the uterus.

Treatment of a pregnant woman should be carried out under full medical supervision. The most delicate therapeutic methods are selected.

The possibility of avoiding a caesarean section for varicose veins exists and depends entirely on the decision of the attending physician. If the disease is only in the initial stage, a woman could give birth to a baby on her own and without complications.

After giving birth, you should be examined by a phlebologist to prevent the development of varicose veins.

What are the consequences of pelvic varicose veins?

Symptoms of varicose veins of the pelvic organs cannot be ignored

By ignoring the body's signals that indicate the development of varicose veins, the patient runs the risk of aggravating the condition and obtaining a number of extremely undesirable health consequences.

At an advanced stage, the pathology threatens the development of the following complications:

  • Disorder of the reproductive system. Patients with this diagnosis have difficulty conceiving a child. Similar ailments are observed in men with varicose veins.
  • Prohibition of natural childbirth. If the pathology first appeared during the transport of the baby, the woman is almost always sent for a caesarean section. In some cases, natural childbirth is possible.
  • Deterioration of the functioning of the uterus. Patients with varicose veins affecting the pelvic area often face the problem of miscarriage.
  • The development of concomitant ailments. Without proper treatment, varicose veins in the legs and hemorrhoids often develop.
  • Problems in intimate life. Fear of sexual intercourse develops against the background of painful sensations that arise in the process.
  • Mental disorders. Lack of a full-fledged sex life negatively affects a woman's self-esteem, making her irritable and nervous.

If you find the slightest suspicion about the development of varicose veins and to prevent negative consequences, it is recommended to consult a phlebologist.

Methods for the treatment of varicose veins of the small pelvis

Experts say that it is impossible to completely get rid of varicose veins. Comprehensive treatment consists of combining drug therapy, wearing compression underwear and therapeutic gymnastics helps to eliminate the unpleasant signs of the disease and improve the general condition.

Conservative therapy

During treatment, it is important to follow the recommendations of the attending physician

Thrifty methods often give a positive result if the patient follows the doctor's recommendations. The effect of the drug consists in taking venotonics - drugs that help normalize the venous tone. Improvements are only possible if the pill treatment is done at an early stage.

You shouldn't refuse the chance to improve your condition by wearing compression underwear. This option is considered the safest and most necessary during pregnancy. Your doctor will help you choose special socks that help compress the veins and improve blood flow. The linen should be put on in the morning, even before getting out of bed.


Drastic measures are indicated in advanced cases when there is a danger to the patient's life. However, even surgery cannot guarantee that the pathology will not manifest itself in the future. The embolization method proved to be less traumatic and effective.

The procedure is performed under angiographic control. It is also possible to bandage and remove the affected veins. The method of surgical intervention should be determined by a specialist on an individual basis.

Varicose veins of the small pelvis are a serious disease associated with a violation of the functionality of the circulatory system. Women face this pathology more often than men. At an advanced stage, the disease is fraught with the development of serious deviations. Undesirable consequences can only be prevented with timely access to a doctor and a global impact on the problem.