Is it possible to play sports with varicose veins?

Veins with varicose veins are enlarged in length, tortuous. Varicose veins develop with muscle weakness of the walls of the veins, due to the deterioration of the valves and a decrease in the elasticity of the vessels. The weakness of the vascular walls is congenital, and the causes of varicose veins arise in the process of life.

Swelling and heaviness in the legs are experienced by people forced to work in a sitting or standing position. The reasons for the progression of the disease are hormonal disruptions or disturbances due to the person's age.

The disease affects women and overweight people. In women, hormonal changes actively occur, which predispose to the appearance of varicose veins. Statistics state that the symptoms of varicose veins suffer: 20% of men and about 40% of women.

You can play sports

The network of blood vessels is essential for the functioning of the body. Arteries carry nutrients and oxygen to the tissue under the influence of the heart, which acts as a pump. The return flow of blood through the veins is provided by the muscles and valves in the veins, their purpose is to pass blood only in the opposite direction.

When the valves do not fully function (do not completely block the canal), blood reflux occurs - a flow back to the legs. The vascular system (venous basin) consists of superficial and deep veins. The (superficial) vessels collect blood from the upper layers, carry it into the deep veins, located near the bones and supported by muscles. They carry to the heart.

In case of reflux, the veins are stretched due to the increased pressure on the vessel walls. Varicose veins begin in the superficial veins. The first symptoms of varicose veins appear: veins appear through the skin, edema appears, heaviness in the legs. With the progression of varicose veins, the color of the skin changes, pains occur, in the advanced stages - ulcers. If the disease also affects deep veins, CVI (chronic venous insufficiency) occurs, threatens with serious complications (thrombosis, trophic ulcers, thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery).

Is it possible to play sports with varicose veins?

To evaluate what exercises can be done with varicose veins and your chances in sports, you need to consult a doctor (phlebologist or angiosurgeon) and undergo an examination if such symptoms appear:

  • feeling of heaviness in the legs at the end of the day;
  • bluish cobwebs, stars on the skin;
  • swelling, swelling, fever;
  • swollen, twisted and gnarled veins.

What exercises should not be done with varicose veins

Dangerous for varicose veins on the legs, loads that increase pressure in the veins:

Anaerobic loads.During such workouts, in a static position of the body, the body's need for oxygen increases, the heart rate increases and the intravascular pressure increases.

Therefore

  • strength training on simulators;
  • bodybuilding (muscle building);
  • weight lifting (barbells, weights) while standing;
  • powerlifting (powerlifting);
  • fast running, cycling.

can cause bleeding, cause thrombosis and is strictly prohibited for varicose veins. Lessons are possible only in the first stage of the disease, subject to some restrictions:

  • shortens the duration of the lessons;
  • leg bandage with elastic bandages;
  • drinks plenty of fluids to avoid seizures (water with lemon);
  • exercises to pump muscles should only be performed while sitting / lying down;
  • do not lift xz weights> 3-5 kg.

Any strength exercise in standing position should not be performed with varicose veins of the legs!

Squats and jumpswith varicose veins of the lower limbs are contraindicated. Such exercises lead to pressure drops, which can cause a blood clot to rupture, rupture the vessel wall and bleed. Protruding veins and their curves (aneurysms) can rupture during squatting, jumping, the formation of subcutaneous hematomas. They can become inflamed and ulcers.

Strength training is not recommended

Step aerobicsare dance movements performed on a step (special support). This rhythmic gymnastics is incompatible with varicose veins. These trainings can worsen the patient's condition and contribute to the progression of the disease. It is better to give up step aerobics (even with a mild stage of varicose veins), as there is a great danger of injury to the veins.

Fast runningis ​​contraindicated in thrombophlebitis, as it can cause a blood clot to rupture.

Obviously, the muscles (including the legs) need training and sports cannot be ruled out. With sedentary work, the pressure in the veins increases. Therefore, going to the gym is necessary to activate blood circulation. But training for varicose veins must be approached sensibly, avoiding very heavy loads and prolonged exercises. Exercise with overload for the legs should be excluded. For exercises in the gym with varicose veins, it is recommended to wear compression knitwear to maintain muscles. Don't overload your legs on exercise machines.

What sports can you do with varicose veins

Many doctors find exercise useful for patients with varicose veins and welcome the alliance: varicose veins and gym. For training, it is necessary to correctly select exercises that improve blood circulation and lymphatic drainage and strengthen blood vessels. The main thing is not to exceed the permissible loads. With the onset of varicose veins, you can exercise, observing the caution and recommendations of a doctor. Any kind of sport is allowed except weight lifting. Any load (even minor) is dangerous when the disease is in its later stages. They can lead to serious complications of the disease.

Most acceptable:

  • Walk. Walking for half an hour every day is very good for the legs. It is very important to breathe correctly (inhale / exhale every three steps);
  • Sport walking
  • easy running, avoiding excessive leg fatigue;
  • yoga (asana balance, inverted);
  • swimming, water aerobics;
  • cycling against blood stagnation in the legs;
  • fitness;
  • golf.

We will have to give up professional sports. This requires maximum physical exertion (training at the limit of human capabilities).

Doctors categorically answered "no" to the question of whether it is possible to do fitness with varicose veins. Modern doctors have changed this point of view and recommend treatment, as well as prevention of varicose veins and fitness.

Having clarified the stage of the disease from the doctor, after receiving his recommendation, it is necessary to inform the fitness trainer of the diagnosis. Together with the instructor, you should select suitable exercises. It is recommended to use fitness for varicose veins of the legs under his supervision, not just focusing on his own feelings. Overcoming the load, you can injure yourself and aggravate varicose veins.

Recommendations:

  • uses leg lifting exercises ("birch", "plow") for the outflow of venous blood;
  • warm up before training, after training - rest, shower;
  • uses compression underwear for training;
  • uses elements of yoga or pilates (except exercises with strong muscle tension and in a static position);
  • Swim in warm water to improve leg condition and relieve symptoms

Going for sports, physical activity with varicose veins must be kept under control, considering what is unacceptable:

  • excessively strains the legs;
  • lifts weights, standing and more than 3-5 kg;
  • squats intensely and a lot;
  • does exercises with shock loads (jumps, lunges).
  • What you can do in the gym:
  • on a treadmill - just walking;
  • on an exercise bike to train at a moderate pace (better on models that involve a lying position);
  • aerobics and jogging (excluding jumping).

Use a set of exercises you can do for varicose veins at home. Regular gymnastics at home (performing special exercises) will significantly improve the condition of a patient with varicose veins.

  1. walking on the toes;
  2. swinging the legs (exercises such as "scissors", "bicycle");
  3. execution of "birch";
  4. plank (strengthens all muscles).

Tips:

  1. Decide, together with the doctor who diagnosed the stage of the disease, what kind of sport you can practice with varicose veins.
  2. Taking into account the recommendations of the phlebologist, together with the instructor, develop an appropriate set of exercises.
  3. Do not do anything without your doctor's permission.
  4. For training or fitness, buy special knitwear (compression leggings, socks, leotards, jumpsuits) that improve the outflow of venous blood and lymph.
  5. Eat a healthy diet while minimizing fats and carbohydrates that clot the blood. Give preference to protein foods.
  6. You can go light morning jogging, unobstructed jogging and climbing.
  7. Eat foods that reduce the risk of blocked veins and thrombosis, reduce clotting (lemon, red currant, ginger, garlic).
  8. The contrast baths, the evening foot massage are useful.

In order for training to be useful, it is necessary to follow the recommendations of the doctor, avoid excessive exertion. When working sedentary (on a computer), you should periodically do a warm-up.