Treatment of different types of varicose veins

varicose veins in the legs

The article will focus on the very definition of varicose veins, its symptoms and prerequisites. We will also talk about how to cure varicose veins (depending on its location) on the legs, varicose veins of the pelvic organs and more.

Varicose veins are a superficial vein disease in which the valves in the veins cease to function normally, as a result of which blood flow is disturbed and the veins become deformed and thickened.

Varicose veins on the legs are more common. But there are other forms of this disease, such as varicose veins in the pelvis or esophageal varices.

It can be noted that women are more susceptible to this disease, to some extent, due to their physiology. Also, according to statistics, tall and overweight people can suffer from varicose veins more often than others.

Yet despite the prevalence of this disease, surgical surgical treatment can be avoided in most cases. Of course, the most important aspect is the prevention of venous diseases, the timely detection of this disease in the early and not yet advanced stages and the visit of a doctor who treats venous circulation disorders (phlebologist).

With varicose veins, the symptoms of the disease will depend on the organ in which the disease appears.

Varicose veins on the legs can be characterized by the following symptoms: nodular swellings and tubercles appear in place of the veins; pain syndrome is present and edema may occur, which appears in the late afternoon. External signs manifest themselves in a change in the color of the skin; you may feel heat (or burning) in the veins and blood clots may form in the veins.

If varicose expansion of the lower limbs is observed, the following signs are added to the previous symptoms: sometimes leg cramps appear (most often at night). In the later stages of the development of varicose veins or thrombophlebitis, the formation of trophic ulcers is possible; the skin of the legs becomes noticeably denser.

The signs of esophageal varicose veins also have their own distinctive features. Symptoms of esophageal varices include the following factors:

  • enlarged haemorrhoidal veins;
  • enlargement of the spleen;
  • expansion of the superficial veins of the anterior abdominal wall;
  • accumulation of free fluid in the abdominal cavity;
  • black chair;
  • vomiting with blood splatters;
  • coughing up blood;
  • gastroesophageal bleeding (rare).

The causes of varicose veins

causes of varicose veins

The prerequisites for the onset of varicose veins include a genetic predisposition, diseases of the endocrine system, hormonal disorders or an improper lifestyle. The disease itself is not inherited directly.

Genetic causes are abnormalities in the structure of the veins, such as insufficient supply of veins with valves or
anatomical abnormalities (wrong number of valves or underdevelopment).

In women, varicose veins develop during periods associated with hormonal changes. These are periods of life such as puberty, pregnancy and postpartum status, as well as menopause.
It has also been noted that varicose veins can develop with the use of hormonal contraception or with treatment with steroid drugs.

Varicose veins are also triggered by an improper lifestyle (smoking, alcohol abuse, inactivity) and a job that forces you to stand or sit in one position for a long time. methods of treatment of varicose veins, you can click on the link.

Varicose veins of the small pelvis are caused by chronic or frequent inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs. And the reason for the appearance of a varicose vein disease of the esophagus can be diseases of the cardiovascular system, diseases of the liver, pancreas and other organs of the abdominal cavity. Next, I would like to talk about how to treat varicose veins.

Treatment of varicose veins with drugs

To restore the tone of the veins and prevent the further development of the disease, drugs are prescribed that have a tonic effect on the walls of the veins, reduce venous stasis of blood and lymphatic flow and improve blood microcirculation.

Home care

treatment of varicose veins at home

How to cure varicose veins on the legs without going to the hospital? Very simple! Observe the following rules and you will soon forget about this ailment.Make sure you bandage your legs with rubber bands while you are at home. Wear compression stockings and underwear. In the period of exacerbation of varicose veins, in no case take a hot shower or bath, because this can only worsen your condition.

Try not to sit for long periods without changing position. In a sitting position, it is not recommended to cross your legs. It is also not recommended to wear high-heeled shoes. You can do short self-massage sessions every day. For example, here is a very simple way to treat varicose veins at home using cabbage.

Cabbage leaf wrap

Take the cabbage leaves, rinse them well and put them in the refrigerator for 24 hours. Bandage your legs with these leaves overnight for a month. Also, the toppings can be made with fresh tomato puree.

You can also use a varicose vein ointment (such as Troxevasin) and practice herbal varicose veins. There are also alternative treatments for this disorder, such as hirudotherapy or laser therapy.

Treatment of varicose veins with leeches

As with vein diseases, hirudotherapy makes a significant contribution to the prevention of varicose veins. It is noted that the saliva of leeches contains a natural anticoagulant - hirudin. It also handles the task of clotting and lowering blood viscosity well. It has been noted that arterial spasms disappear with leech therapy.

treatment of varicose veins with leeches

But this procedure is not recommended for people who have anemia, reduced blood clotting. People who have undergone this procedure say that a leech bite is comparable to a nettle burn. So there is no need to be afraid of hirudotherapy. In our days, the treatment of varicose veins is most often used, the reviews of which are twofold (after all, the procedure has its advantages and disadvantages).

Laser treatment

Laser treatment of varicose veins has the following advantages:

  • quick rehabilitation period;
  • almost total absence of pain during the procedure;
  • short procedure time;
  • cosmetic effect (without scars);
  • long-term healing effect;

The disadvantages of this procedure include the following factors:

  • formation of hematomas;
  • violation of sensitivity;
  • blood clots.

Treatment of varicose veins with a laser is carried out under the control of an ultrasound scanner. During the procedure, the LED is passed through a small puncture into the venous cavity. A laser is used to "weld" the damaged ship to the machine.

Physical therapy for varicose veins of the small pelvis (physical therapy)

Pelvic varicose veins are treated with conservative methods or surgery, but in most cases it is still possible to treat varicose veins without surgery. I would also like to talk about how to treat pelvic varicose veins with exercise.

To relieve the symptoms of the disease and prevent its progression, perform the following exercises every day.

Exercise 1

Get into a standing starting position. Spread your arms out to the sides. As you inhale, lean forward, trying to reach the floor as you exhale. Take your original position.

Repeat this exercise ten times, once in 3 sets.

Exercise 2

Lie on your back with both knees bent. As you exhale, raise your pelvic body and return to its original state as you exhale.

Repeat this exercise ten times slowly. You can also do the exercise on a bicycle.

Treatment of esophageal varicose veins

A doctor who treats varicose veins of the esophagus will certainly prescribe the patient a strict diet.

Diet food

In case of esophageal varices, the following foods should not be consumed:

  • sparkling water; fatty and spicy foods;
  • smoked food; pickles;
  • fried food; rough food (croutons, etc. );
  • alcoholic beverages; the juice;
  • raw fruits and vegetables.

And here are the foods we recommend eating more often:

  • low-fat vegetable soups;
  • porridge; steamed fruit and vegetables;
  • low-fat varieties of meat and fish;
  • non-spicy cheeses; jelly;
  • milk, kefir, cottage cheese.

This form of varicose veins is best treated with surgery.


It is customary to perform portocaval and splenorenal anastomosis with preservation or removal of the spleen, perform devascularization of the cardioesophageal region, bilateral vagotomy, cross the ligament of the portal veins and azygos (Tanner's operation), suture or subsidize the veins of the prostate and glandgastroesophageal stomach, transthoracic esophagogastrostomy.

Any mentioned operation has a good effect, varicose veins disappear. But with surgery there is always a risk of complications. Next, a few words about how to cure varicose veins with folk remedies.

Traditional medicine

Traditional medicine also offers effective treatment of varicose veins without surgery. Here is an effective cure for varicose veins.

Garlic with honey

Take 250 grams of crushed garlic, add 350 grams of smooth, free flowing honey. The ingredients should be mixed thoroughly and set aside in a cool dark place for 7 days. You need to take this mixture in 1 tbsp. spoon 3 r / day (30 minutes before meals). The course of treatment should be two months.

Apple cider vinegar treatment

How to treat varicose veins on the legs with apple cider vinegar? In the morning and in the evening, you can rub your feet with apple cider vinegar. You can also use the vinegar inside, 2 tsp, diluted in 250 grams of water, 2-3 times a day.